Isabela island is the largest land mass at Galapagos, and one of the most popular islands to visit. The combination of diverse wildlife and spectacular volcanic landscapes is hard to beat. There’s top snorkeling, treking and dive action to enjoy. Isabela’s sleepy town and gorgeous beach are top spots to hang out. Isabela island also offers flexibilty for visitors – visit on a cruise, land tour or simply by yourself. We highly recommend to make time for Isabela island in your Galapagos itinerary.
Read on for everything you need to know to plan your visit to Isabela Island. What wildlife can you find? Which activities and visitor sites await? Also learn about the interesting geology & history of this island.
• More Galapagos Penguins live here than anywhere else, making Isabela island the best spot on the archipelago to see them.
• Five different species of Giant Tortoise call Isabela home. Visitors can learn all about them at the Arnaldo Tupiza tortoise breeding center.
• Isabela is one of just two Galapagos islands where Flightless Cormorants nest. Through complex evolution these fascinating birds have incredibly lost the ability to fly.
• Isabela is a great place to spot Marine iguanas, with large colonies at various different visitor sites.
• Snorkel with whitetip reef sharks and Sea horses at Los Tuneles.
• Isabela is home to a huge diversity of Galapagos land birds. Avid birder should look out Galapagos finches (including the critically endangered Mangrove Finch), Flamingos, Galapagos doves, pintail ducks, lots of waders & shore birds, Galapagos hawks and much more.
• There is also one very unusual Isabela resident – the pink iguana. This is the only place on the planet where they live, on the pristine slopes of Wolf Volcano.
English Name: Albermarle.
Ecuadorian Name: Isabela.
Total Area: 1771 sq miles.
Population: Aprox 2,200
Take a look at a Galapagos Islands map and Isabela island is the large landmass to the west, shaped like a sea horse.
The small town of Puerto Villamil is located on the south east coast, and is a lovely spot to spend a few free days given the opportunity. The locals here are friendly, the vibe laid back, and there are heaps of activities to keep visitors happy.
Isabela’s west coast visitor sites can only be reached aboard a cruise yacht, and are highly rewarding for pristine nature. The Bolivar Channel is the top spot for Galapagos whale watching, especially from June onwards.
Isabela Island is the youngest and largest island in the archipelago. Located in the western waters of the Galapagos, Isabela measures 120km in length, with an area of 1771 square miles, and is bigger than all of the other islands combined.
The island was formed by the merging of six individual shield volcanoes – Alcedo, Cerro Azul, Darwin, Ecuador, Sierra Negra, and Wolf volcanoes. Each volcano emerged independently from beneath the ocean. After repeated eruptions their lava flows merged to form the island we find today.
Isabela island is very close to the Galapagos hotspot, meaning that all of these volcanoes are still active. In fact Isabela is one of the most volcanically active areas on the planet!
Isabela island spans a huge spectrum of natural Galapagos habitats.
Extensive volcanic lava fields are largely void of vegetation. Perhaps a few pioneer plants like lava cacti are fighting to establish a home here, but larger plants are unable to colonise this barren landscape without soil. Due to the volcanic nature of Isabela island, the habitats are in a state of constant flux. Just one new eruption can change everything.
The highlands to the south around Sierra Negra volcano are covered by lush Scalesia forests and dense bush and scrub – the perfect habitat for the Galapagos giant tortoise. Some of this habitat has been converted to organic farmland to feed the local population. The peaks of Cerro Azul and Wolf volcanoes are more arid with small shrubs.
Lower down on the southern coast the Isabela habitat turns to coral beach, mangroves, cactus forest, arid scrub and wetlands.
The Bolivar Channel to the west coast of Isabela has colder water than other areas of the archipelago. The rich nutrients here caused by the upwelling of the Cromwell current attract various species of whale and dolphin.
Isabela Galapagos is not just about wildlife and volcanos, there’s also a story of human history to be told. Let’s start with the origin of the island names. Back in 1684 Ambrose Cowley mapped the Galapagos archipelago, and named the largest island Albermarle, after the 1st English Duke of Albermarle. The duke at that time was George Monck, who had been an important soldier and politician during the English Civil War and restoration of the English monarchy. Ecuador later changed the title to Isabela, in honor of Queen Isabella I of Castile, the first queen to reign over the united kingdom of Spain.
The first visitors to Isabela island were pirates and whalers. They would use the Galapagos islands to restock food and water, or hideaway from chasing Spanish ships. Tagus Cove Isabela was a popular landing site for them to round up giant tortoises for meat supplies.
In 1897 Isabela’s first settlement was established by Ecuadorian Antonio Gil. Puerto Villamil town was set-up on the coast as a lime house, where coral was collected and burned. The small settlement of Santa Tomas was also formed up in the highlands, where sulphur was mined, coffee planted, and livestock allowed to roam free. Gil also hunted giant tortoises for oil used to power Ecuadorian street lamps. By all accounts Gil’s settlement was successful. Isabela’s galapagos population slowly increased from 200 people in the early 1900’s up to a little over 2000 today. Many of the graves of these intrepid early settlers can be seen in small Puerto Villamil cemetary.
In 1946 a penal colony was also established on Isabela. 300 mainland convicts were shipped out, and suffered forced labor under the hot equatorial sun. Tourists can witness the fruits of their toil at the Wall of Tears – a wall constructed out of black lava rocks.
The 21st century has seen Isabela develop more modern infrastructure to attract international tourists, such as the small Puerto Villamil airport to receive intra-island flights. Today most of the 2,200 Isabela residents make a living from tourism, fishing and farming.
Isabela is home to more wild giant tortoises than all the other Galapagos islands combined. Not only that, but here you’ll also find more giant tortoise subspecies than anywhere else! So tortoise lovers, Isabela island is the place to come to learn more about these iconic gentle giants.
Most of the 15 Galapagos tortoise species are differentiated between different islands. For example seperate species are native to Española, Fernandina, Floreana, Pinta, Pinzon, San Cristobal, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe and Santiago islands. This is logical as explained by Darwin’s theory of evolution – different species have evolved based on the different habitats and food sources found on each island.
So, why does Isabela island have five unique giant tortoise species? The story behind Isabela’s distinct tortoise populations is interesting. Remember that Isabela island was formed by the merging of six shield volcanoes. So Isabela’s topography has 6 tall volcanic peaks separated by vast lava fields. Solid lava tends to be spikey and sharp – an inpenetrable obstacle for the agility of your average tortoise. So the Isabela tortoises on each volcano became isolated from the other Isabela populations, unable to cross the lava fields that divide them. Evolution wise this had the same effect as populations seperated by the sea on different islands. Each Isabela volcano population adapted differently to their distinct habitat, hence different species evolved.
So Isabela is home to five species of Galapagos tortoise: Wolf, Darwin, Alcedo, Cerro Azul and Sierra Negra populations. Four of these volcanoes are off limits to tourists so the easiest way to see an Isabela tortoise is to visit the highland ranch on the slopes of Sierra Negra volcano. We also recommend a visit to the Arnoldo Tupiza Breeding Center, where giant tortoises from the southern populations are bred in captivity to protect these endangered species.
How to get to Isabela island Galapagos? Puerto Villamil and the visitor sites on Isabela’s south coast can easily be included into a Galapagos Land Tour itinerary. The west coast is too far away for day trips so you’ll need to take a Galapagos cruise to get there. Yachts that do include west Isabela usually also visit Fernandina, which is a hugely rewarding and recommended Galapagos itinerary.
Contact us for a FREE GALAPAGOS TOUR QUOTE, or for more information to plan your Galapagos vacation.
Puerto Villamil is a sleepy port town where travelers find refuge from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. Located behind a stunning beach, the small, peaceful town has an assortment of bars, restaurants, and shops. It is the launching site for day tours around the island to amazing snorkeling sites, islets where penguins play and white-tipped sharks rest, and excursions to neighboring islands.
Services in Puerto Villamil include: medical clinic, pharmacy, grocery store and convenience mart. There is no bank or ATM service, and credit cards are not always accepted, so travel prepared with US$ cash.
Take advantage of the slow internet service on Isabela island to disconnect from life for a few days.
Check out our detailed blog post about how to spend a free day in Puerto Villamil, for more information about the best Isabela island restaurants, services and sites to visit.
Isabela is the largest Galapagos island, so it goes without saying that there is plenty to do and see here. Kayaking, snorkeling, hiking, biking, surfing, and relaxing on the tropical beaches are just some of the activities that reveal the natural wonders of Isabela.
The long stretch of gorgeous sand in front of Puerto Villamil town is considered one of the finest Galapagos beaches. Located on the bay, it’s an ideal spot to swim, surf, relax or have a sundowner at beachfront bars in a hammock after a day of active exploring. Marine iguanas, Sally lightfoot crabs and blue footed boobies join you on the pristine sand.
Concha de Perla is a clear water bay with calm, crystalline waters and a small yellow sand beach. Rent out snorkel gear in town, and jump right in for swimming and snorkeling alongside tropical Galapagos fish, playful sea lions and with luck penguins. No tour guide is required here.
Located just a short way out of the main town to the west is a man-made lagoon of brackish water. The largest Galapagos flamingo colony hang out here, sifting the water for crustaceans. Sometimes Galapagos duck species or wader birds can also be spotted.
Los Tuneles is one of the very best snorkel and dive sites at the Galapagos islands! It is a sheltered maze of pools and lava bridges formed when lava flowed from a nearby volcanic eruption into the sea. The waters are crystal clear, and volcanic bridges that span them are a sanctuary for a myriad of vibrant reef fish, decade-old sea turtles, large sea horses, starfish, and whitetip reef sharks.
This 1/2 day tour is off limits to cruise ships, so you’ll need to take a land tour to enjoy the wildlife treasures at Los Tuneles.
Las Tintoreras is a small islet that can be visited as a 1/2 day tour from Puerto Villamil. The trip begins with a boat ride around the bay looking for Galapagos penguins on the rocks, and other wildlife. A dry dock landing leads onto a circular trail through a large colony of Marine iguanas, ending up at a lava crevasse often full of Whitetip reef sharks enjoying this shady spot. Finally your guide will take you snorkeling to look for reef fish or sea lions.
The Wetlands of Isabela are located towards the far end of the main beach, starting alongside Iguana Crossing Hotel. The area is easy to explore by foot, consisting of a network of seven boardwalk trails passing through lakes, lagoons, mangrove swamps, and lookout points. Keep an eye out for flamingoes, pintail ducks and other waders.
La Playa de Amor is a local’s favorite beach for relaxing and swimming. The beach is made of crushed shells, and there is a tidal pool and a colony of marine iguanas nearby. Sea turtles have also been frequently spotted in the area.
Six kilometers out of town is the famous Wall of Tears – a 100m long, 6m tall wall of black lava built by convicts of the former Isabela penal colony. This is a stark reminder of the island’s brutal history, and reported by locals to be haunted. Lava lizards zip between the rocks and shrubs, protecting their territory from rivals.
The Isabela Tortoise Breeding Center is one of the tortoise success stories at Galapagos. Exploring the different stages of tortoise growth is fascinating – from hatchlings, to young adults. Several of the endemic Isabela tortoise species are kept here, and released back into the wild when old enough to survive alone.
Up on the Isabela highlands it seems like a completely different world. Tourists are greeted by lush vegetation, Scalesia Forest, Guava plantations and smouldering volcanoes.
Sierra Negra Volcano has the second largest crater in the world, spanning seven by nine kilometers across. Tourists can take a guided day hike to the summit for views into the crater, and the chance to discover a different side to Isabela island.
A sometimes muddy trail leads the way up, with possible Galapagos Finch and flycatcher sightings along the way. Hawks occasionally soar high above.
Enjoy the views of the old lava flows inside Sierra Negra crater, before heading further on to Volcan Chico. The landscape quickly changes to a barren volcanic wasteland, with interesting rock features like hornitos (volcanic ovens), and a surreal moon-like topography.
The trek is 6km roundtrip in total, with elevation gain of 200m. The Volcan Chico section can be challenging terrain to navigate.
Tagus Cove (Caleta Tagus)
Landing Type: Dry landing.
Trail Length: 1 and 1/2 hours with a short steep section.
Terrain: Moderate difficult trek over steep terrain.
Tagus cove was a famous hideout for whalers and pirates over the centuries, with calm waters protected from view making the perfect place to anchor. The name dates back to 1814 when British ship, The Tagus, stopped here to hunt giant tortoises as fresh meat for their onward voyage. Ask your guide to point out the graffiti left on rocks by passing sailors from back in the 1800s.
Tagus Cove tourist activities will depend on your itinerary. Some yachts take a panga dingy ride to observe wildlife around the cove. Sightings of Galapagos penguins and Flightless Cormorants are common, as are many other sea bird species.
If you make a landing then be prepared for a trek up to Darwin’s Lake. The trail leads through Palo Santo forest up to a salt water lake that botanist Charles Darwin himself visited in 1835. There is also a wonderful lookout point with fine views over the bay and surrounding islands. Keep your eyes open for land birds along the path; Galapagos finches, hawks, warblers and flycatchers can often be spotted.
Time permitting your guide might also let you snorkel in the waters at Tagus Cove, where colorful fish, sea turtles, eagle rays and reef sharks wait to share the water with you.
Landing Type: No landing.
Activity: Panga dingy ride and snorkeling.
Located on the northwest coast of Isabela island, Vicente Roca Point is only reached by dinghy. The site has two coves where flightless cormorants, a marine iguana colony, storm petrels, blue-footed and Nazca boobies, and Galapagos penguins are often spotted. The year-round cool waters and thriving underwater eco-system here also attracts whales and dolphins.
Vicente Roca Point is also a top spot to snorkel. Sea turtles, puffer fish, rays & seahorses frequent these waters, while massive sunfish (Mola Mola) create whirlpool-like effects in the clear waters during feeding frenzies.
Landing Type: Dry landing.
Trail Length: Short trail (0.6mi/1 km) or longer trail (1.9mi/3km).
Terrain: Easy/Moderate difficulty.
Urbina Bay is one of Isabela islands more unusual sites. Back in 1954 volcanic uplift forced the sea floor above the surface of the water, exposing coral reefs and fossils. The coastal area is frequented by flightless cormorants, pelicans and marine iguanas. Visitors can also snorkel with turtles, rays and reef fish.
The two trails (short and long) head through giant tortoise habitat. The bay is at the foot of the Alcedo volcano whose summit can be seen towering above in all its grandeur, and home to it’s very own Alcedo tortoise species. The largest Galapagos land iguanas also live in the area, and Galapagos hawk sightings are common.
Landing Type: No landing.
The northern point of Isabela island is an important nesting ground for the Flightless Cormorant, as well as home to the largest Marine iguanas of the archipelago. Although no landing is possible here, visitors can get up close to the wildlife action aboard a dingy. This site used to house a US army world war 2 radar base, which served as a strategic point in the war of the Pacific.
Landing Type: No landing.
Another visitor site where your feet cannot touch the ground can instead be enjoyed as a long panga dingy ride around the various islets of this pretty bay. Likely marine wildlife suspects include Galapagos penguins, Flightless Cormorants, sea lions, blue footed boobies, marine iguanas, herons and brown pelicans. If your Galapagos yacht carries kayaks onboard then your luck is in – Elizabeth Bay provides a great opportunity to paddle up real close to some amazing animals.
Tourists may also snorkel in the waters close to mangrove forest. This is prime habitat to protect reef fish, whitetip reef sharks, turtles and rays (golden and eagle). Very occasionally dolphins or humpback whales may enter Elizabeth Bay.
Landing Type: Dry landing.
Trail Length: 1.2mi/2 km.
Terrain: Easy/Moderate difficulty.
Moreno Point offers a variety of activities for visitors to enjoy.
A panga dingy ride around the rocky shores allows you to spot Galapagos penguins and other Galapagos shore birds.
A moderate land trail over the lava passes by tidal pools and mangrove plants. This area is renowned for bird watching with flamingoes, pelicans, various species of heron and more. The tidal pools often yield interesting wildlife too, from sally lightfoot crabs to sea turtles or reef sharks that have become stranded until the next high tide.
The following Isabela dive sites can only be visited as part of a specialist live-aboard Galapagos dive cruise.
Dive yachts like the Galapagos Sky stop off at Vicente Roca on Isabela. This is wall dive with lots of nooks and crannies to explore for marine creatures among the coral. Currents are not usually strong, and visibility is reasonable. The top target at Vicente Roca are the giant Sun Fish (Mola Mola). Also keep your eyes peeled for frogfish, red lipped batfish, sea horses, octopus, puffers and other reef fish. Penguins, sea lions and marine birds often dive for fish here too.
Located off the northwestern shores of Isabela, Cape Marshal is a reef dive that reaches depths of 120ft. Hammerhead and white-tipped reef sharks, rays, schools of barracuda, guineafowl pufferfish, parrotfish, yellowtail surgeonfish, and sea lions are some of the marine highlights that frequent the area. Gentle giant rays (Manta, Mobula and Marble) also drift slowly by.
Cape Marshall has strong currents so is for advanced divers only. Check out the Aggressor III dive yacht itinerary to visit this part of Isabela island at Galapagos.
Note: All wildlife sightings are by their very nature unpredictable, and activities may be subject to change by your guide or the National Park Authority.
In conclusion, Isabela island is absolutely not to missed at Galapagos. Isabela is huge, diverse and packed with everything needed to keep visitors happy. Divers, snorkelers and kayakers will be delighted with the incredible marine life, while land lovers have 5 species of giant tortoise to keep them busy. The biodiversity of wildlife is among the very best of the Galapagos islands. The volcanic landscapes will take your breath away. It’s also the best spot for Galapagos whale-watching and dolphins. Whether you go the full hog with a cruise loop up the western coast, or visit Puerto Villamil on a land tour, Isabela will certainly not disappoint!